Miss C Fraser

The main purpose of this course is to challenge students to think clearly about problems by asking them questions about the world we live in. Students explore philosophical ideas and arguments relating to general and fundamental philosophical issues of relevance in the world today. Students will develop the ability to analyse and evaluate philosophical positions and arguments and to develop their own reasoning skills.

In this course students are encouraged to challenge assumptions and to apply their knowledge and understanding of different positions and theories in philosophy. Thinking, analytical and evaluative skills, which are important in education and employment, are developed throughout the course.

Our Courses

Higher Philosophy

Philosophy is taught at Higher level only.


The course is comprised of three units:


  • Arguments in Action
  • Knowledge and Doubt
  • Moral Philosophy


In Arguments in Action, students develop their skills in identifying, analysing and evaluating arguments. This includes aspects such as validity and soundness, deductive and inductive reasoning, and common fallacies.


In Knowledge and Doubt, students explore the writings of Rene Descartes and David Hume on epistemology. Questions about the nature, origin and reliability of knowledge are discussed.


In Moral Philosophy, students develop their ability to explain, analyse and evaluate two moral theories: Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics.




The course is assessed entirely by examination. There are two exam papers, as follows:

  • Paper 1 – 2 hours 15 minutes. 2 x 30 mark essays (1 on Knowledge and Doubt, 1 on Moral Philosophy). 60 marks total.
  • Paper 2 – 1 hour 45 minutes. Short answer questions (1-6 marks each). 30 marks on Arguments in Action, 10 marks on Knowledge and Doubt, and 10 marks on Moral Philosophy. 50 marks total.




For the Arguments in Action unit, students will have a variety of short activities to complete to practice the skills taught in class.

For the Knowledge and Doubt and Moral Philosophy units, homework will consists of practice essays to be completed over a 2 week period.

To access Philosophy course resources on SharePoint, click here.

Please note, this is only accessible to JGHS staff and students with their school log-in information.